The endoscopy procedure
An endoscopy isn’t usually painful. Most people only experience some mild discomfort, like indigestion or a sore throat.
The procedure is usually carried out while you’re conscious. You may be given a local anaesthetic to numb a specific area of your body. This may be in the form of a spray or lozenge to numb your throat, for example.
You may also be offered a sedative to help you relax and make you less aware of what’s going on around you.
The endoscope will be carefully inserted into your body. Exactly where it’s inserted will depend on the part of your body being examined.
For example, it may be inserted into your:
- anus – the opening stools are passed out of the body through
- urethra – the tube urine passes through out of the body
If you’re having keyhole surgery (laparoscopy), the endoscope will be inserted into a small incision your surgeon makes in your skin.
An endoscopy usually takes between 15 and 60 minutes, depending on what it’s being used for. It will usually be carried out on an outpatient basis. This means you won’t have to stay in hospital overnight.